In Cuba, new strategies are drawn to the “migration.” The Free SW was defined as something of great need, to advance the project to develop the Cuban Software Industry, where the Cuban University will play an important role together, the As with the Cuban program of computerization of society. 1.1 ICTs and blocking Despite the enormous efforts made by the Cuban state so that new knowledge about ICT and their application to reach all sectors of society without distinction of race or social class regardless of the high cost implies that task today is still raging U.S. pressure in its effort to crush as a country and left behind all possible developments may have. Cuba depends not connect to the Internet at the speed you want to do, or as many channels and independent suppliers as you can choose. Every time I try to add Cuba a new channel to the Internet, the U.S. counterpart must obtain the appropriate license from the Treasury Department the United States. Similarly, if a U.S. company wants to open a new channel to Cuba or decides to increase the speed of the connection, to be issued a license.

1 The current Cuban connection to the called network of networks does not offer adequate bandwidth to meet the demand of the country. The blockade obliges Cuba to use a bandwidth and satellite connection to expensive and slow. The problem could be resolved by connecting a fiber optic cable between Cuba and Florida. Without the blockade, with a share of only 0.1% of the market of electronic commerce in the United States, Cuba was able to enter more than $ 500 million a year. 1 Due to the inability to buy in the U.S. market, the Cuban company CITMATEL, supplier of computer equipment to scientific centers of the island, has many times you buy these through third countries and pay up to 30% more in relation to the price in the U.S.. UU. 1 The Torricelli Act of 1992, which tightened the blockade, Cuba identified communications as a way to weaken the revolutionary regime.

1 Because of the blockade, the Cuban telecommunications sector has suffered millions in losses in the core telephony and wireless alarm systems, electronic commerce and postal communications. Only in the telephone business, the losses amounted to $ 21.7 million in 2002. 2 The U.S. laws prohibit export or re-exported to certain countries, which include Cuba, software products for U.S. companies.